) (produced by the Fox), a minor movie about the king of roller-skating embodied by Mickey Rooney, in which she played a young fan.
It was during this shooting that Marilyn met one of the Fox's hairstylists, Agnes Flanagan ; they struck up a friendship and Agnes
Flanagan remaiend a faithful friend throughout her life ().
Johnny Hyde got her other small parts : in addition to "The Fireball", there was also "Right Cross"(),
a movie produced by the MGM where Marilyn played the unimportant part of Dusky Le Doux, young model with who, during a cocktail party, a stranger flirted with. Her name wasn't even credited.
Poor comedy, it was also a propaganda movie for the post-war American industry, financed by the General Motors.
It was during this shooting that she met for the first time the actor Peter Lawford ().
Despite Johnny Hyde's praiseworthy efforts, the MGM didn't intend to offer a more interesting contract to Marilyn. The production director always put up the same arguments : the studio had already its blonde star, Lana Turner, and this one didn't need a rival.
When she didn't study with Natasha Lytess (), Marilyn posed for magazines covers in low-cut evening dresses or wearing
Hyde's health had worsened but he refused to take the slightest rest. Obsessed by his protégé career, he wanted to expose her everywhere.
Often, he introduced her as his fiancée because he hadn't given up the hope to marry her one day.
Marilyn, for her part, had realized that Johnny was more harmful than beneficial to her career. She kept on being opposed to their union, which, she knew it, would harm her. Being taken seriously remained, actually, her main purpose. In everybody's eyes, she was only the mistress of an impresario, a buxom blonde of second-best movies.
Natasha Lytess had more than once enumerated the ordeals she had to go through if she wanted to become an actress worthy of this name. It was summed up in one word : work.Johnny Hyde seemed less demanding. He thought that Marilyn only needed a good project and a producer. The camera would do the rest. The talent of course, was an asset but not really essential to access the heights of cinematography. Natasha accused him of being cynical, but finally, Johnny Hyde wasn't completely wrong. In the movie industry, only the appearance counted. Lighting, costumes, make-up, the camera angle were enough to change the reality.
Between the 2 extreme positions, there should be a happy medium, but Marilyn was too intense to content herself with it. Natasha favoured the classical diction while to Johnny Hyde, she would rather bet on her natural advantages. On one hand, the desire to transcend her past, on the other hand, the necessity to accept her limits. Johnny saw her like she was, Natasha, like she could become.
Although she was used to submit to the intellectual discipline, Marilyn felt the need to complete her education.
One day, while she was rummaging in a Beverly Hills bookshop shelves with Rupert Allan (), she was filled with admiration for art books. She purchased some and tacked up on her kitchen and bedroom's walls of North Palm Drive
This day, she bought the anatomy treaty "De Humanis Corporis Favrica" of Vesale (a Flemish anatomist of the 16th Century) ; his studies about the human body fascinated her. Since the following day, she went back to the exrecises she had formerly
started in Catalina Island and practised weightlifting (),in order to perfect her musculature.
At that time, she also read "Letters to A Young Poet" of Rainer Maria Rilke.
Above all she adored the Russian literature she had discovered during her stay at the Actors Laboratory, and partly thanks to the influence exerted on her by Natasha Lytess. She read the short stories of Tolstoï and Tchekhov, the novels of Dostoïevski and Tourgueniev, and the poetry of Pouchkine and Andreïev.
Under the pretext of her presence which was harmful to Johnny Hyde's health, she left the house of
Under the pretext of her presence which was harmful to Johnny Hyde's health, she left the house ofNorth Palm and moved in her
official residence at the Beverly Carlton Hotel ().
Couldn't stand anymore to be out of work, she had get back in touch with Joe Schenck () and was invited at his home, several times.
Director Joseph L.Mankiewicz , who had won the Academy Award for Best Writing, Screenplay fo "A Letter to Three Wives",
prepared a new movie which was about to be produced by Darryl Zanuck (), at the Fox.
Under the temporary title "Best Performance", the screenplay related the story of a famous stage actress and her young stand-in and rival. It was an imbroglio witty and full of emotions, where shone through the fierce jealousies, the fears and ambitions of stage people. In Spring, Mankiewicz found the final title : "All About Eve".
Johnny Hyde read the screenplay. He found a small part for Marilyn and informed the director of his thoughts : this one agreed. The part of the pretty beginner who used her physical attributes to serve her career, perfectly fitted Marilyn.The part of Miss Caswell was more sophisticated than the one of Angela in "The Asphalt Jungle".
She only appeared in 2 scenes, but considering that her personality reflected Eve's one, it was an important character.Mankiewicz had already auditioned other actresses, but he quickly chose Marilyn (,).
So she had a contract with the Fox, for the lenght of the shooting (from May 11 to June 7), and she was paid 500$ a week :
The 2 sequences of "All About Eve" took 2 months of shooting. It took place in New York City : at the John Golden theater, the Club 21, the Schubert theater and Curran theater, at the hotel Taft and in an apartment of Park Avenue. There were also some shots in New Haven and in Canada.
Marilyn's performance in "All About Eve" was, to every points of view, conform to the screenplay demands. Wearing a low-cut
Unfortunalety, her performance (too short) didn't catch the attention of the critics. Johnny Hyde hoped that after having seen the rushes, Darryl Zanuck would sign her a long-term contract, but Zanuck didn't notice anything remarkable.
Her friend, reporter Sidney Skolsky visited her .
Insensible to the protests of his colleagues of the William Morris Agency, Johnny Hyde kept on behaving as if Marilyn was her only and single client.
In the absence of great parts, he made her shot a TV advert (besides, the only one) for an oil mark (Royal Triton :
Friday, May 19 , release of "A Ticket to Tomahawk" .
Tuesday, May 23, release of "The Asphalt Jungle" (;,,,
For her birthday (her 24th birthday), Joe Schenck offered her a chihuahua dog named Josefa ,.
Thursday, July 20 she visited the US Marines before they left to Korea and was dubbed "Miss Morale of the Marine Corps"
With Johnny Hyde she attended a party given at Danny Kaye's home, in honor of the actress Vivien Leigh who arrived
in Hollywood to shot "A Streetcar Named Desire", directed by Elia Kazan ().
She met Elia Kazan and Laurence Olivier (), Vivien Leigh's husband, for the first time this evening.
Marilyn decided to follow the evening courses of literature and history of art at the UCLA (University of Californie Los Angeles); her teacher was Claire Seay. She assiduously attended the university on Tuesday evenings, during 10 weeks.At that time, and to spare some expenses, she agreed to share Natasha Lytess apartment, a nice 2-rooms duplex, located 1309
She slept on the sofa bed of the living-room, studied and read a lot, took care of Barbara, Natasha's daughter and of her chihuahua, Josefa.
Every evenings, Natasha and Marilyn worked. According to a tacitly established code, a sign from Natasha was enough to indicate Marilyn a mistake of tone or movement.What Natasha called the character motivations, plunged Marilyn in perplexity. John Huston, neither Mankiewicz had talked about motivations.
Fed with the principles of the Moscow Art Theater, Natasha persisted : the great performances requested a huge mental effort; the understanding of a character went through the in-depth study of her motivations in relation with her past...Marilyn took great care to it with fervour. Thanks to those exercises, she would be suitable for, afterwards, standing up to different directors, hostile to such introspections.
Between the university and her drama lessons, Marilyn found time to visit Joe Schenck. She neglected Johnny Hyde for several weeks. This one spent most of his time in his villa of North Palm Drive. Confined to bed because of a cardiac failure more and more serious, he kept on contacting his relations by phone, always trying hard to launch Marilyn.
Wednesday, October 4, release of "All About Eve" (;,,,).
Marilyn attended the legendary Schwab’s Drugstore (9024 Sunset Boulevard ), whose floor was used as the office of the famous movie critic, Sidney Skolsky. He had chosen this place for a very simple reason : Schwab’s provided him all the products he wanted. At that time, the American government hadn't yet regulated the sale of drugs, and there wasn't any opprobrium linked to the regular consumption of barbiturates and amphetamines.
His columns (in theCitizen News Hollywood) had the virtue of treating each subject deeper than the gossips of Louella Parsons
() and Hedda Hopper (), and he treated his readers to technical informations about movies, despising the backstage gossips.
He travelled the Twentieth Century Fox premises, knew all the masterminds of the studio, including the 2 publicity veterans,
Harry Brand () and Roy Craft.
Thursday, November 9, release of "The Fireball" .
Wednesday, November 15 , release of "Right Cross" .
Saturday, December 2, Marilyn unveiled a plane of the Mexican Airlines, the first direct flight Los Angeles-Mexico in 5 hours
Tuesday, December 5 , Marilyn (a year after her meeting with Johnny Hyde) signed the form authorized by the Movie Actors Association, which officially linked her with the William Morris Agency for a term of 3 years.
Thursday, December 7 ,Johnny Hyde called her; he had used all his influence and had called all the executives of the Fox. At the end of long transactions, a screen test had been decided. If it worked, Marilyn would obtain a 6-months contract, plus an important part in a planned movie,"Cold Shoulder" and maybe even a long-term contract.
The same evening, she started to work her scene with Natasha.
Sunday, December 10 , Marilyn arrived on the set to shot the screen test. She was wearing the becoming dress she wore in "The Fireball", "Hometown Story" and "All About Eve". She had to embody a gangster's girlfriend.
"Cold Shoulder" wasn't shot but Hyde knew that Zanuck had reserved a small part of a secretary in "As Young As You Feel" , a comedy which had to be shoot the following month. Johnny Hyde agreed the deal.
Saturday, December 16 , Johnny Hyde went to rest in Palm Springs, with his secretary.
Sunday, December 17 , he was at the Racquet Club Resort Hotel in Palm Springs when he had a heart attack. He was transported in emergency to Los Angeles.
Monday, December 18 , Johnny Hyde died of a heart attack at the Cedars of Lebanon Hospital.
Hyde's wife and children demanded that Marilyn was kept away from the funeral which took place at the Forest Lawn Cemetry, Hollywood Hills; but she nevertheless attended with Natasha Lytess.
One hour later, everyone had gone. Marilyn came near the grave recovered by flowers and planted a white flower, a dried rose she had kept for years between the pages of a Holy Bible.
She stayed a long time in the cemetry, shattered.
She was fired from the North Palm Drive's house by Hyde's family, who also took back the clothes and jewels Johnny had offered her.
Although he had informed his lawyers about his wish to leave a third of his property to Marilyn, he hadn't yet modified his will and Marilyn didn't receive anything.
Few days later, Joe Schenck called her and offered his condolences.During the following weeks, Natasha often saw her crying. With Johnny's death she had lost an ally, a friend and a father.
Sunday, December 24, the presents Johnny Hyde destined to her arrived; she received a mink stole.
Natasha Lytess arrived at his apartment on Harper Boulevard and found a note on the door : "I leave my car and my mink stole to Natasha", and a second one inside the apartment which asked Barbara, Natasha's daughter, not to come in the bedroom. Natasha then discovered Marilyn, unconscious, having taken some drugs from Schawb’s. She was transported to the hospital where she had a gastric lavage.
This year, she visited Stanley Gifford (), in Palm Springs, accompanied with her friend Sidney Skolsky, but Gifford didn't want to see her.
She made a picture session with photographer J.R.Eyerman (,,,,,