Marilyn moved in a new apartment located 882 North Doheny Drive in Beverly Hills (,,
Friday, January 2, costumes tests for "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" (,).
Wednesday, January 21 release of "Niagara" (,,,). The crtics were divided.
The earnings of the movie would be 6 millions $, for an investment, at first, of 1.5 millions $, and that, despite the threat of boycott from some groups, declaring that the movie was indecent. Marilyn then, turned out to be one of the biggest attractions of the country.Monday, January 26, Marilyn received the "State's Most Popular Movie Actress" award (),
Monday, February 9 on Grace McKee-Goddard's advice, Gladys once again entered a private institution more comfortable, the Rockhaven Sanatorium, in Verdugo City, District of Glendale. Marilyn paid 300$ a month for the expenses.
The reception took place in the Crystal Room of the Beverly Hills Hotel. The master of ceremony was, this evening, Jerry Lewis.
Marilyn was accompanied with her friend, reporter Sidney Skolsky (). DiMaggio, wanting to avoid the public appearances, was away.
His jealousy even urged him to make surprised appearances on Marilyn's shootings.
She wore a gold lamé dress, specially designed for her by William Travilla (,,), the same she wore in "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes". She was the focal point when she arrived, dressed with this dress "which seemed to
have been painted on her" (,), as reporter Florabel Muir reported it the following day in her article « Florabel Muir
reporting » dated February 10, published in the Los Angeles Mirror.
"It just needs a movement of her backside so that Marilyn Monroe steals
the show...Every guests began to applaud , while 2 other movie
stars, Joan Crawford and Lana Turner, were hardly looked. Next to
Marilyn, every others seemed so dull".
Saturday, February 14 she made a picture session with Andre De Dienes
Thursday, February 19 Marilyn went to Charles Feldman's place, in order to discuss of a possible contract between them, the Feldman's agency representing her and Feldman wanting to become her agent. But the contract wasn't signed this day. Nevertheless, Feldman kept working for her, for free, hoping that one day, she would sign the contract.
Wednesday, February 25 she received the Silver Cup for the "Best Young Box Office Personality" award
() by Redbook magazine (,,). Dean Martin and
Monday, March 2 an interview of actress Joan Crawford was published in the Associated Press article of Bob Thomas, of the Hollywood Citizen-News. She publicly denounced the "ridiculous show" of Marilyn, reminding that "the public likes provocative feminine personalities, but it also likes to know that, underneath, the actresses are ladies...Young people don't like (Marilyn)...because they don't like to see that sex is exploited. And don't forget the women.They don't drag their family to movie theater if the film doesn't fit with their husband and children".Marilyn chose Louella Parsons's column in the Herald Examiner to answer to the actress Joan Crawford, who had burst out against her suggestive dress at the ceremony of Photoplay prize-giving, by quietly giving up the fight with her enemy : "What hurts me more in what Miss Crawford said, is that I have always admired her to be such a wonderful mother - to have adopted 4 children and have given them a family. I'm well-placed to know what means not to have a house when you're a child".
(,,,;,,,),at the Fox Ritz Theatre, a play in which played Ethel Merman, her partner in "There's No Business Like Show Business".
Friday, March 6 the shooting of "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" ended.
Marilyn still studied with Michael Tchekhov, who helped her to prepare the scenes of her next movie,"How to Marry a Millionaire". Tchekhov also sent her to take drama lessons with Lotte Goslar, who ran the Turnabout Theater in Hollywood.
Monday, March 9 beginning of the shooting of "How to Marry a Millionaire", directed by Jean Negulesco (), with
3 adventuresses shared their funds, rented an apartment in Manhattan and chased rich husbands.
The shooting began only several days after Marilyn had finished "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes".
The Fox was proud of her first movie in Cinemascope, a process supposed to supplant the television, with 3 top-billing stars.
Screenwriter Nunnally Johnson () added that he had created the characters, fitting them to the 3 actresses personality.
Despite the efforts of the studio to "sell" to the press a war between Marilyn and Betty Grable, the 2 actresses got on well together.
At the beginning, Marilyn claimed the part of Loco, attributed to Betty Grable, because she didn't like her own character, Pola,
decked out with glasses (,). Jean Negulesco, the director, convinced her to accept,
pointing out that it was the best part. And he was right : the funny thing generated by the short-sightedness earned Marilyn positive critics about her comic talent.
However, she didn't consider her performance as one of the best ones.
On the set, Jean Negulesco, exasperated by Natasha Lytess's unceasing interventions, lost patience and dismissed her, on Monday, April 13. The following day, Marilyn didn't attend the shooting, under the pretext of a bronchitis. Charles Feldman, Marilyn's agent, announced that she couldn't shoot without her drama teacher, and Natasha Lytess was re-engaged.
Jean Negulesco belonged to the same group of directors who refused to publicly comment the issues with Marilyn during a shooting.
She found herself facing her loneliness when Joe DiMaggio began to travel more and more for his business. She had got used to his paternalistic critics and his light condescending protective side, and his absence seemed to bring again the abandonment feeling she had known before (during her youth and when Jim Dougherty had gone to the war).
So Marilyn turned to her substitute father, her friend Sidney Skolsky, source of reassurance and friendship.
Saturday, April 11, costumes tests for "River of No Return" .
End of April, she ended the shooting of "How to Marry a Millionaire".
DiMaggio still wanted her to give up her profession, but, because she refused to leave cinema, he did everythng he could to help and advise her. Marilyn's salary increased to 1 250$ a week. This sum was quite negligible with regards to the success of "Niagara".To DiMaggio, Lloyd Wright, Marilyn's new lawyer and Charles Feldman, her agent, there were no doubt that her contract with the
Wednesday, May 13 Marilyn attended a party given by Walter Winchell in Louella Parsons' honor, at Ciro’s.
The benefit of thos party was given to the Damon Runyon Cancer Fund.
Jane Russell, Jimmy McHugh (,), reporters Sheila Graham(,),Walter Winchell (,,,
Wednesday, May 20, she attended the premiere of Jimmy Mc Hugh's "Singing Stars" at the Cocoanut Grove
Louella Parsons (), the composer Cole Porter (,),
Her partner in « There’s No Business Like Show Business », Donald O'Connor was also there (,
The Fox had offered her the part of a saloon singer in this western.
A farmer, former prisoner, met his son he had lost, living with a singer in a pit workers camp.
)) ended in the middle of a gorgeous landscape (the Rockies) where it had to fight against the dangerous rapids of the river which gave its name to the movie, a group of Indians eager for having another white scalp, a starving lynx and gold-diggers who appeared suddenly and threatened them witht heir guns. After having more or less come down the last part of the river on a fragile raft, they arrived in a town where they dealt with a last shoot-out, from which they pulled through safe and sound, before starting a happy family.
It was Marilyn's 22nd movie and her 5th leading part.
she complained to the Fox that this story wasn't good at all. Even
though she was opposed to, she had to submit to her contract clauses
and totally involved herself in the musical rehearsals.
But she complained to the Fox that this story wasn't good at all. Even though she was opposed to, she had to submit to her contract clauses and totally involved herself in the musical rehearsals.
For the part of Kay, she had to sing 4 songs : a popular romantic one "One Silver Dollar", a light one "I’m Gonna File my Claim", one to distract the boy "Down in the Meadow" and the song which gave its name to the film title "River of No Return"
Another problem of the movie was the choice of the director, Otto Preminger (,
He had the reputation to behave in judge and headman toward the actors and technicians, an authoritarian man who could make crying the toughest actor.
If Marilyn wasn't delighted to shoot this movie, to Preminger, it was absolutely not the kind of film in which he culturally felt comfortable, and his mood suffered from it since the beginning of the shooting.
Wednesday, June 17, she attended the "Rib & Roast Dinner" in honor of Charles Corburn's birthday.
Later in the evening, she gave an interview to reporter Earl Wilson (,,).
Friday, June 26 during the publicity campaign of "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes", she left her prints in cement
(), with Jane Russell, in front of the Grauman’s Chinese Theater, located 6774 Hollywood Boulevard,
DiMaggio didn't attend but joined them at the Chasen’s restaurant (,,).
It was photographer Bob Beerman who took her in picture, to accompany Sidney Skolsky's article
Wednesday, July 8 for the occasion of the release of "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes", Marilyn received "The Best Friend a
for the creation of the Jude's Hospital, in Memphis, Tennessee. The gala took place at the Hollywood Bowl and Jane Russell,
Between July 11 and 20 , she spent few holidays in Puerto Peñasco, Mexico, with Joe
, she spent few holidays in Puerto Peñasco, Mexico, with Joe
Wednesday, July 15 release of "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" (;,,,
Darryl Zanuck, the Fox manager refuted an article of Dorothy Kilgallen, in which the New York reporter wrote that Marilyn didn't sing herself in "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes", sending a denial under oath.
Since this moment, Dorothy Kilgallen spread over praises on Marilyn's singer talents.
Louella Parsons, reporter and columnist at the Herald Examiner, Marilyn's big ally, took side for her, in order to cast a veil on the rumors, and to give in general, a positive turn to events, not much flattering at the beginning.
Saturday, July 25 she flew to Canada for the production of "River of No Return".
Beginning of the shooting of "River of No Return" in Canada. Marilyn stayed at the Banff Springs Hotel (,
The shots took place in the national parks of Banff and Jasper, Alberta, in the middle of the Canadian Rockies
The shooting was physically very demanding for Marilyn : the physical demands imposed to her outdoor as in studio (she had to fight against real and put-on rapids), didn't help either to calm down the tension which reigned on the set: A lot was required from her during this shooting, and she never complained. She didn't ignore the confines of cinema, and once on the set , she
She clashed with the director Otto Preminger. This one clearly made her understand that he was working on this movie only because he owed it through his contract to the Fox. Darryl Zanuck had held out the prospect of the new Cinemascope technology to him.
Marilyn called Feldman to quickly settle the situation. This one contacted Zanuck, who knew perfectly well that Marilyn was the increasing value, supported her against Preminger, then, he had to admit Natasha Lytess presence on the set.
Preminger insisted on making his stars doing themselves their stunts, which was with consequences for Marilyn who remained trapped with her partner, Robert Mitchum, in the rapids where they had to be rescued.
Wednesday, August 19 :Marilyn hurt her ankle by falling from the raft on which she stood for the shooting.A local doctor diagnosed a possible sprain and the doctors of the studio didn't see anything serious, but Marilyn insisted on
Marilyn's performance was all the more remarkable so as she was rarely allowed to have a moment of calmness, whatever it was in Canada or in the Fox studios in Los Angeles.
The press agents had organized a real crowd of reporters to collect countless interviews; Zanuck or one of his henchmen, called her daily to break the news about Preminger's recriminations against Natasha Lytess.
The 2 last weeks of shooting,
The 2 last weeks of shooting,DiMaggio arrived, accompanied with her New York friend, George Solotaire ().
While Marilyn was shooting, Joe went hunting or fishing, then waited for her in their bungalow in Jasper (Alberta) (one of those Becker’s Bungalows where the whole crew had found a place to stay) or at the Mount Royal Hotel in Banff , when the production
It was her friend Allan Whitey Snyder (,) who take care of her make-up during the shooting, and the
hairstylist Gladys Rasmussen of her hair (,).
Marilyn began to feel frustrated by the parts attributed to her and the poor sums of money she earned, compare to the success of her movies.
During this year, the RCA sold, in 3 weeks, more than 75 000 records of "I’m Gonna File my Claim", a song Marilyn performed in "River of No Return".
Tuesday, August 25,
Grace McKee-Goddard wrote to Marilyn. Her mother Gladys had to be
hospitalized and Grace needed $600 for the treatment. After 2
days, Grace received the money.
Tuesday, August 25, Grace McKee-Goddard wrote to Marilyn. Her mother Gladys had to be hospitalized and Grace needed $600 for the treatment. After 2 days, Grace received the money.
When she arrived at the airport, a multitude of more than 100 reporters and photographers scrambled for approaching her, taking picture after picture of her, and asking her many questions, shouting and applauding her.
Back from the shooting, in Hollywood, DiMaggio settled at Marilyn's home, 882 North Doheny Drive.
During the shooting, she had the visit of her friend, the actress Shelley Winters (,).
Sunday, September 13 she began on television with presenter Jack Benny in the Jack Benny Show, recorded at the Shrine
Her contract with the Fox didn't allow her to earn the less fee for this kind of performance, but she could accept a gift in kind, like
Monday, September 28 Grace McKee-Goddard was found out unconscious on the bed of her small bungalow in Van Nuys,
Marilyn took care of the formalities but didn't attend the funeral, which took place on Thursday, October 1 at the Westwood
Memorial Park ().
absence at the funeral wasn't so linked to her shyness than to
the fact that for years, the 2 women hadn't had partically any
relations. Grace, who had actually been the instigator of
Marilyn's career had been excluded of the magical circle at the
moment of success, and indeed, she didn't attend galas and
prestigious events in Hollywood. Through the years, their contact
frayed and their correspondance only concerned Gladys material needs or
housing problems. Marilyn's disaffection was, at least partly, due to
the fact Grace had sunk in alcohol and drugs addiction , a view
which had terrified Marilyn during her 2 visits in 1949 and 1951; tRhus, she had avoided any new meeting afterwards.
In this respect, Grace could only remind her Gladys slow deterioration.
The pictures were published in the magazine issue dated November 17, 1953.
Milton had witnessed Marilyn's recriminations against the system of the big studios, her salary ridiculously low ( 1 500$ a week) compare to the fantastic amounts her movies brought in to the Fox, and her weariness about parts always reducing her in same parts.Milton suggested her they could found their own production company, find themselves the financing, choose the subjects and directors, and bet their efforts on Marilyn's career. So was given a crucial turn to Marilyn's professional life, and at the same time she and Milton began to discuss with their respective lawyers, she went into a complex task which was about to dramatically change her existence, forcing her to leave Hollywood for more than a year and make the studio actors long-term contract change. In other words, Milton not only gave her lots of advice, consideration and attention, but also a proposition to represent her which largely exceeded everything the impresarios had offered her since Johnny Hyde's death.
this period, Marilyn and the Greenes became close friends, mostly
because (according to Amy), Milton perfectly felt the enormous
potential which dozed within Marilyn, and to her part, Marilyn began to
rely on him.
He had known how to make her sublime in few simple pictures.
Saturday,October 10 Marilyn and Joe DiMaggio went to San Francisco. They lived in Joe's house, in Beach Street.
DiMaggio represented the ideal husband, and the tabloids published happily, with full of details, every episode of the romance : the couple lived in San Francisco in an humble house, went fishing, Mamma DiMaggio and Marie, Joe's single sister, learned Marilyn the recipe of Joe's favourite spaghetti sauce...
She attended the premiere of "5 000 Fingers for Mister T" with Tommy Rettig, her young partner in "River of No Return"
prepare for this party (,). Her friend, the actress Shelley Winters also attended ().
At the cocktail party prior to the premiere (which took place at screenwriter Nunnally Johnson's home, with his wife Doris, and Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall), Marilyn, tense, had drunk several bourbon-sodas and was visibly tipsy when she crossed the screaming crowd to come in the theater.
To Marilyn, this party was a triumph : "It was the most beautiful party of my life. It was like when I was a child and I dreamt that wonderful things happened to me. But it's weird how the success can attract the people's hate on you. I wish that it woudn't happen. It would be terrific to take advantage of success without seeing jealousy in the eyes of the people surrouding you".She should think of Natasha Lytess as well as the other actresses who were so many rivals. Appointed coach and occasional dresser, Natasha had revealed herself as, according to Marilyn "completely crazy to ask my lawyer for 5 000$ to cover her surgery expenses. I'm really fed up and I realize that she was a very cunning woman. But, I don't want her to loose her job at the Fox".
Then she attended the party give at director Jean Negulesco's place (,,).
Friday, November 6, the city of Monroe, State of New York, became for one day the "Marilyn Monroe City".
Tuesday, November 10 release of "How to Marry a Millionaire?" (;,,
Saturday, November 14, Marilyn was at the Fox where King Paul and Queen Frederika, Princess of de Hanover, came to
Tuesday, November 17 publishing of the issue of Look magazine () including pictures of Marilyn taken by Milton Greene in Fall. To thank him for the result she liked very much, Marilyn sent him a dozen of roses.
Saturday, November 21 Joe left Los Angeles to San Francisco.
Marilyn learned that there would be a 10 days overrun to do some scenes of "River of No Return" again, and she was very cooperative.
This postponed the beginning of the shooting of the next movie she didn't want to do, "Pink Tights" to December 15.
Even the fact that Frank Sinatra co-starred with her had no effect, all the more since she had learned that he was paid 5 000$ a week, 3 times more than her (only 1 500$).
Saturday, November 21 Joe went back to Los Angeles and called Lloyd Wright, Marilyn's lawyer, in order to organize a meeting. Joe didn't want Marilyn to shot another movie as long as she hadn't renegotiate her contract with the Fox. Marilyn confirmed him that she would refuse any movie until February, after her contract would be renogtiate.
Lawyer Lloyd Wright conveyed Marilyn and DiMaggio's demands to Charles
Feldman, who was in Switzerland, at his ex-wife bedside.
End of November, she spent Thanksgiving in San Francisco with Joe and his family.
She made a picture session with Ben Ross (,,,).
Friday, December 4 Marilyn, back to Los Angeles, attended the annual Christmas Show of the Los Angeles Examiner, at the
Shrine Auditorium (,,,;,,;).
Saturday, December 5 she received a call from the Fox casting director, who asked her to come on Monday, December 7, for the rehearsals of "Pink Tights".
Monday, December 7 she didn't come on the set, for the first day of shooting.
Tuesday, December 8 Darryl Zanuck ordered her to come on the set to do the post-synchronization of a song of "River of No Return". After having talked with Joe, Marilyn let know that she wouldn't come.
Zanuck went to see Natasha Lytess and put pressure on her so that Marilyn came back to the studio.
Natasha tried to call Marilyn but Joe screened the phone calls and sent her to Marilyn's lawyer.
Marilyn was hurt and angry at Natasha's attitude, she took as a treason.Zanuck then sent Roy Craft, from the Fox publicity department to see Marilyn at her home, in Doheny Drive. But Joe didn't let him come in. Feldman thought that , with this state of things, the fact to make Marilyn coming to the studio was a trick. as long as Marilyn couldn't be joined directly, the studio couldn't do anyhting against her.
Zanuck sent a telegram to Feldman, still in Switzerland, warning him that Marilyn's career was over if she didn't come to the studio.
The Famous Artists, the agency representing Marilyn, learned that the scenes of "River of No Return", truly had to be done again, and so asked Marilyn to come back on the set.
Friday, December 11 she arrived at the studio. She worked there until December 23.
Saturday, December 12 and Sunday 13 Charles Feldman met Spyros Skouras, president of the Fox, at the Plaza Athénée in Paris. They talked together about Marilyn's demands, that is to say, a more important payment (DiMaggio had explained her that it was a sign of respect and gratitude), she wanted to make less movies (Feldman had convinced her that it would make her more rare and so more precious) and she wanted to be able to choose the screenplays, the directors and head cameramen of each of her movies. But Zanuck, wanting to believe that only him took the decisions, Skouras advised Feldman to contact Zanuck directly and to negotiate with him.
Once the head of the Fox having given his agreement, Skouras took care of presenting the case to the Fox board of directors, in New York City.
Sunday, December 13, Marilyn was also interviewed by reporter Walter Winchell for his show on ABC Radio(,).
Friday, December 18, she gave an interview to Vernon Scott of United Press International, in her dressing-room at
interview to Vernon Scott of United Press International, in her dressing-room at
Wednesday, December 23 at 11.45 PM she left, in a Western Airlines plane, flight 440, under the name of Miss Norma
DiMaggio waited for her in San Francisco, to spend the feasts in family.
In spite of the scenes prior to their wedding, Marilyn considered that Joe's love and loyalty overcame his jealousy.
In her opinion, he was her protector, her advisor, her ally against the Hollywood egoism and intransigence, he was her "hitter", her "Giuseppe", admired, loved by a close-knit family and the one who stood firmly by her side.
Few days before the New Year's Eve, the Fox informed Marilyn that the shooting of "Pink Tights" would start on Monday, January 4, 1954.
In December, Marilyn attended the "Toys for Tot Campaign" sponsored by the US Marines Corps, in order to collect toys for
This year, she was taken in picture by Alfred Eisenstaedt (,,,,,
,,) and Harold Lloyd (,;,,
,,) for Life magazine, by John Florea
(,,) , by Bert Reisfield (,
She continued her sessions for publicity pictures for cosmetics (,) and garden furniture
reporter Hedda Hopper ( ) , the " World Film Favourite" award () by The International Press of Hollywood and