With the euphoria of her victory against the Fox, Marilyn announced her first projects for the year.
She would go back to Hollywood to shoot for the Fox "Bus Stop", a movie version of the play with the same name, of
Audrey Wood, Inge's author's agent, was also Greene's neighbor. She asked Milton Greene and Marilyn to read "Bus Stop".
They went to see the play which had a big success in Broadway, with Kim Stanley playing Cherie, the part Marilyn was about to shoot.
Then she would go and shoot in London with the great English stage actor, Laurence Olivier, in the movie version of the play
"The Sleeping Prince" of Terence Rattigan (). This movie was the only one produced by the Marilyn Monroe Productions.
Milton Greene saw her sinking in the barbiturates addiction. She could take some sedatives at 3.00 AM, while knowing she had to wake up at 6.00 AM for an appointment. She just got out of her stupor with stimulants and drunk more and more.
Despite the security her relation with Miller gave her, she kept on acting as a person unable to bear loneliness, mostly at night. More often than before, she called her friends at 2 not to say 3.00 AM.
To help her, Lee Strasberg (), often invited her to come and sleep at his home.
In January, Marilyn received a telegram from Terence Rattigan which annonced her that she had obtained the rights of the "The Sleeping Prince". Much better, Laurence Olivier wanted to make the movie with her.
Marilyn and Arthur talked about marriage.
They spent the 2 first months of this year in New York City, strolling in Brooklyn Heights streets; Miller made her visiting the places frequented by famous artists and writers, telling her some anecdotes about his childhood.
Miller entered a difficult period of his playwright career, while Marilyn was about to make a stunning come back on screen.
A difficult situation which had common points with the one she had lived with Joe DiMaggio.
on some reporters's instigation, and with the government's blessing,
some ultra-conservative lobbies were about to put a big hit on Arthur
Miller, who had several enemies among the right-wing writers.
The more abject of all was certainly the reporter and DiMaggio's friend, Walter Winchell (moreover friend and informer of
J .Edgar Hoover, head of the FBI).
On the suggestion of the Marilyn Monroe Productions lawyer, Irving Stein (), she stayed for 2 weeks in the
The goal was to obtain her address in New York so that she could change more easily her family name (have a look at March 12, 1956).
Sunday, February 5 , Laurence Olivier, his agent Cecil Tennant and playwright Terence Rattigan (the author of theplay "The Sleeping Prince" which was the basis of the screenplay) arrived in New York to talk about the terms of the project.
Olivier had to make the promotion for the premiere of his movie "Richard III" on NBC.
Marilyn planned to purchase the rights of theTerence Rattigan's work since 1954, on Charles Feldman and Hugh French's suggestion, her agents at that time.
Marilyn didn't want anyone else than Laurence Olivier, because such an actors combination was unusual and may help her to enhance her actress image. She also hoped he would direct her in the movie.
Laurence Olivier agreed to play the part he had performed on stage only on the condition that he himself direct the movie and be the co-producer.
Monday, February 6, Marilyn and Laurence Olivier attended a representation of "The Diary of Anne Franck" in which SusanStrasberg played, at the Cort Theater (,;,).
Tuesday, February 7 , after a wait of 1 hour and a half, they met Marilyn at her home, at 2 Sutton Place.
Olivier and Marilyn talked about the details of "The Sleeping Prince". She had agreed the 125 000$ for the movie rights, plus 50 000$ so that Rattigan wrote the screenplay. This day, Olivier agreed to direct the movie, to play the leading role and to co-produce it.
Wednesday, February 8 , Marilyn made a picture session at Milton Greene's studio, Lexington Avenue, a session known
Thursday, February 9 at noon, a press conference was held in the Terrace Room of the Plaza Hotel, where Marilyn and Laurence Olivier, Terence Rattigan and Milton Greene, announced their production of "The Sleeping Prince"
It was a major event which was about to gather together ca great English tragic actor and the greatest American sex-symbol.
Although she had denied any premeditation, Marilyn perfectly orchestrated the event , stealing the show to the "world greatest living actor", when she bent down and one of the strap of her dress (designed by John Moore) snapped off ( a trick the Fox publicity agent had taught her at her early stages). The photographers became crazy. A safety pin was hastily found, but the
Eve Arnold, her friend photographer who accompanied her, took her in picture this day (,).
The next day, she made headlines of several New York daily papers.
Sunday, February 12, in his radio program ( recorded by the FBI), Walter Winchell announced to the whole nation that "the most famous blonde of the American movie industry has become the sweetheart of the left intelligentsia which included among its members, Communist militants".
At that time, Arthur Miller was one of the American writers the most closely watched by the government subcommissions who feared a coup d'état , according them imminent, orchestrated by Moscow. The FBI had formed a file about Miller which recounted his political itinerary since he had attended university.
Discharged at the moment of the Second World War, because of an injury (The FBI surely considered it as a lack of patriotism), he was an American Labour Party member.
It was at that era that Arthur Miller took Marilyn in Brooklyn so that she officially met his parents. Although some rumors had been published in the press, Miller still publicly denied any affair with her; however he admitted he was about to ask for a divorce.
Friday, February 17, Marilyn played the scene of "Anna Christie" of Eugene O’Neill, with Maureen Stapleton at the Actors Studio.
was supposed to applaud a presentation in the working group, but when
Marilyn ended, the public infringed the tradition and clapped and
Lee and Paula Strasberg () were literally transported; while Marilyn was sobbing on what she considered as a terrible performance, the Strasbergs declared that she was the greatest stage talent of the decade.
Saturday, February 18 , Marilyn drew her first will up, with the help of lawyer Irving Stein (,
Her property, estimated 200 000$ (an arbitrary figure based in her future hopes), were divided as followed :
- 100 000$ to Arthur Miller, " to pay the most advantageous fiscal way"
- 25 000$ to Lee andPaula Strasberg
- 20 000$ to Dr Margaret Hohenberg ()
- 10 000$ to the Actor’s Studio
She also left enough money to pay the health care center expenses of her mother, Gladys Baker ()(for a total amount of 25 000$) until the death of this one.
was for the occasion of the will's signature that Irving Steihn
asked her what she wanted to be inscribed on her grave.
She would have given this witty answer : "Marilyn Monroe, blonde – 37-23-36".
Wednesday, February 22, at the New York Ambassador Hotel, she gave an interview to reporter Elsa Maxwell
with photographer Cecil Beaton : with a flower (,;,), a bird
Saturday, February 25 , with Milton Greene, Marilyn flew to Hollywood to begin the shooting of "Bus Stop".
The studio had purchased the movie rights, and it was Joshua Logan, one of the 16 directors of the list, who had to direct her. She had to start the pre production work at the Fox on Monday, February 27.
Amy (), Milton Greene and their 2 years old son Joshua (,), and also Irving Stein accompanied her.
It was more than a year she hadn't come back in Hollywood.
A bustling welcome waited for her (,,) : hundreds of reporters were present, and there was such a crowd that she could get out of the airport only 2 hours later; she held a press conference within the airport(,,;,,,).
With Milton, Amy and Joshua Greene, David Maysles, Milton's assistant, the 2 servants of the Greenes (Kitty and Clyde) and
North Beverly Glen Boulevard, (,) Holmby Hill, West Los Angeles,
The house was located in the area of Westwood, close to the UCLA (University of California Los Angeles) and the Fox, where the outdoor scenes of "Bus Stop" had to be shot.
Milton and Marilyn woke up at 6.00 AM, a car from the studio coming to pick them up at 7.00 AM. They worked all day and went back home after having seen the rushes. Everybody was in bed at 11.00 PM and the same scenario occured again every day
Natasha Lytess (), still employed by the Fox, tried to call Marilyn several times, and dropped several letters at Beverly Glen, during the first week. But Marilyn, who had replaced Natasha Lytess by her new drama teacher Paula Strasberg, coach and advisor, ignored them.
Tuesday, February 28 , Marilyn, accompanied with her lawyer Irving Stein, appeared at the Beverly Hills City Hall for having
Thursday, March 1, Marilyn, Milton Greene and Jack Warner (,,,
,) announced that a distribution agreement () had been concluded between the Marilyn Monroe Productions and the Warner for "The Sleeping Prince". Director Billy Wilder was there this day
Saturday, March 3, lawyer Irving Stein called Natasha Lytess and asked her not to try to join Marilyn anymore.
At night, there was a press conference for the shooting of "Bus Stop" in the house of North Beverly Glen Boulevard
Monday, March 5 , seriouslyt physically and psychologically affected (at that time, she suffered from a cancer), Natasha
Lytess came at Marilyn's home, but Marilyn's agent, Lew Wasserman (), still refused her to access, threatening her to deprived her of her job at the Fox, the only means of support she had.
Marilyn had learned from Maurice Zolotow, a friend of Arthur Miller, that Natasha Lytess was writing a book about her. Himself wanting to write a biography and having had 3 interviews with Marilyn at the Waldorf Astoria, in New York.
To help him inb his researches work, he had hired Jane Wilkie, reporter for Photoplay magazine. This one had made contact with Natasha Lytess for a testimony about Marilyn, but the project had materialized into a book (the unpublished manuscript is in the Zolotow legacy at theTexas University).
Natasha Lytess was dismissed from the Fox; she would pour her resentment in the press, and never saw Marilyn again.
She tried to live by teaching drama lessons, and sold her North Crescent Drive house, she had purchased with Marilyn's help.
The fact that Marilyn had ignored such a poignant call for help, she had refused a recommendation she could easily have given, she had turned away from a person who had sacrificed herself, still remain incomprehensible.
But finally wasn't Natasha a mother figure, like Grace McKee-Goddard ().
Monday, March 12 , after having been Norma Jeane Mortenson for 10 years (the name she used to sign the official papers), she officially became Marilyn Monroe.
This day she swore in : "I'm an actress and as such, I consider that my family name is a handicap. It's been years that I use the pseudonym of Marilyn Monroe, a name become famous I would like to make mine definitely".
It was her MCA agent, Lew Wasserman who got in touch with director Joshua Logan to direct Marilyn in "Bus Stop".
He was among the 2 or 3 most popular directors in Broadway ; he had recently shot "Picnic" where he had immortalized Susan
Strasberg's performance (,) Lee and Paula's daughter.
Logan questioned Lee Strasberg about Marilyn ; this one was full of praise for Marilyn, and that's how Logan agreed to direct her.
Marilyn imposed Paula Strasberg as her personal coach, with a weekly salary of 1 500$. So she had the role of Lee Strasberg's substitute for the use of the Method he taught at the Actors Studio. Marilyn was delighted and relieved to havePaula next to her
Joshua Logan was appalled when he learned about Marilyn's demand to have Paula Strasberg on the set. The devotion of this one toward Marilyn was sincere, but led the directors to fit of hysterics.
Joshua Logan talked about it with Milton Greene, who was himself engaged in talks with Lee Strasberg, at the end of which Paula granted an enclave : Marilyn's dressing-room.
Paula stayed at the Château Marmont Hotel () in Los Angeles.
Usually Marilyn prepared herself for her parts by breaking up the screenplay scene by scene, then by working each gesture and the pronunciation of each line. As for Paula, she made her work the spontaneity, at least during the rehearsals. For "Bus Stop", she particularly worked hard on Cherie generous South accent , the character embodied by Marilyn.
For Marilyn it was a unique opportunity to be taken seriously in an important movie, and she knew that nothing had ever to be left to chance nor improvised.
However, while with Natasha Lytess each originality was bypassed, with Paula, the inspiration gushed as if by magic.
Milton Greene had worked on the plastic and the structure of each scene, while he studied the screenplay.
He had likewise worked on Marilyn's make-up, a make-up with a ghostly paleness for a woman who sings and dances all night,
wanted to accentuate her role : she had to convince that she was
different.; it was also the first project she had approved, so it had
to be a success.
wanted to accentuate her role : she had to convince that she was
different.; it was also the first project she had approved, so it had
to be a success.
In March, there was a party given by Look magazine (,,,,
She made several picture sessions with photographers Gene Lester (,,,
) and Gordon Parks (,).
Monday, March 12, Marilyn discovered, along with Joshua Logan and Milton Greene, the sketchs of her costumes for "Bus
She refused to wear the sumptuous costumes the Fow owned; on the contrary she chose a minor dress (), a worn out gold and green coat, and deliberately got a run in her fishnet stockings. She gave her singer character, Cherie, a stutter at the difficult moments of the movie.
By dint of rehearsals late at night with Paula, Marilyn, emotionally empty, was unable to sleep. Milton obtained the barbiturates she needed from Los Angeles or New York doctors (his brother was doctor in New York City), in more or less important quantity. When the morning came, Marilyn was hazy and hard to get out of be, and even more difficult to drag her on the set.
Tuesday, March 13, Joshua Logan went off to Arizona for reconnoitre in order to organize the first day of shooting, a huge parade in the heart of Phoenix. There would be cow-boys and Indians, scout troupes and brass bands. Each year, 25 000 spectators watched the show from the benches erected all along of the avenue. "Bus Stop" being shot in Cinemascope, so the picturesque setting was important.
The rodeo annual festival had to be the setting of several important sequences and Joshua Logan wanted to used the
She stayed at the last floor of the Sahara Motor Hotel.
When she arrived in Phoenix, Milton Greene refused that Marilyn was interviewed or taken in picture; this only privilege
Logan knew how to deal with Marilyn : he well knew Stanislavski and his Method (he was the only American director to have
As the shooting advanced, Milton Greene strengthened the supervision around Marilyn, for the reporters misfortune who couldn't
But this one conflicted with Marilyn and Arthur Jacobs called her back to Los Angeles.
Sunday, March 18 , Milton and Marilyn argued about the expenses caused to the Marilyn Monroe Productions by Lee Strasberg's visit on the set.
Monday, March 26, the crew of the movie changed without transition from the Arizona heat to the snow storm of Sun Valley,
They shot at the North Fork General Store.
While she was in Idaho, Arthur Miller left to Washington DC to talk with his lawyer Joseph Rauh (), about his passport problem to England. Miller not only wanted to be present for Marilyn's shooting in "The Sleeping Prince" but also to attend the premiere of his play "A View From the Bridge", in London.
Tuesday, March 27 , oseph Rauh studied Miller's situation. The main danger was that the passport request might set off a summoning the House Un-American Activities Committee threathened him with for a long time.
Friday, March 30, en route, back to Los Angeles, Marilyn had a stopover in Boise (Idaho) where she was snapped against
Back to Los Angeles, Marilyn and several of her partners of "Bus Stop" (Arthur O’Connell, Betty Field and Hope Lange) were struck down by the flu. Marilyn had worked many hours in coldness, being lightly dresses for the need of the film.
From Thursday, April 5 to Monday 9, Marilyn entered the St Vincent Hospital of Los Angeles for exhaustion, burnout, acure bronchitis and high fever. She was treated by Dr Nathan Headley.
So the shooting was interrupted until April 24.
At the same time, Arthur Miller settled at Guest Ranch in a small house of Pyramid Lake, 60 kilometers from Reno(Nevada), where he started a 2 months retreat, necessary for the quick getting of a divorce (he had to stay 42 days in a row in Nevada)
Everything had been considered so that he would be free to celebrate his wedding with Marilyn, before they would go in England in July.
He rented a cottage located next to the one of writer Saul Bellow (who was there for the same reasons than Miller, while working on his novel "Henderson, the Rain King").
In Reno, Arthur Miller met some men who captured wild horses, they then resold and from which food for pets was made; he wrote a short story in 1957 based on this meeting ("The Misfits").
Tuesday, April 24 , after 12 days of absence on a 45 days plan of shooting , Marilyn finally came back on the set. When she saw the rushes of "Bus Stop", she was delighted, notably by the bus scene where her character of Cherie talked at length about her past. She talked about the men of her life, her hopes and dreams, the kind of man she wanted to meet. Marilyn had never played a scene with so much text.
She was still living with the Greenes in the house of
She was still living with the Greenes in the house ofBeverly Glen Boulevard. Arthur Miller often came to see her ; normally he was put around house arrest in Reno where he waited for his divorce to be granted, but he took the risk of coming regularly in Los Angeles, where he joined Marilyn at the Château Marmont Hotel, where she rented an apartment.
In this Spring 1956, each day during 8 weeks, Marilyn and Arthur Miller called each other, under the pseudonym of Mr and Mrs Leslie, a code taken in Vina Delmar's novel "About Mr Leslie", which told the story of a night-club singer and a married man who lived together 6 weeks in a year.
They also wrote a lot to each other (). Marilyn had difficulty keeping their relation secret and wanted to inform her favorite reporters. May Mann, reporter for the New York Herald Tribune, had a call from Marilyn, informing her about her wedding in Summer.
Tuesday, May 1, Miller was back from Reno.
Saturday, May 5 , Marilyn gave an interview to Pete Martin, reporter for theSaturday Evening Post, in New York
Week-end of Saturday, May 12 and Sunday 13 , Arthur Miller was in Los Angeles to see Marilyn. After this week-end, he came back to Reno in order to present his passport request at the end of the week.
It just remained to hope that the passport request didn't set off a summoning in Washington DC, from the House Un-American Activities Committee.
Tuesday, May 29 , the shooting of "Bus Stop" ended.
Marilyn was about to go back to to New York, and Miller also had to go back there after his stay in Nevada, since June 11.
Joshua Logan accompanied Marilyn to a dinner at producer William Goetz's place, her partner in his next movie "Sayonara".
Joshua Logan accompanied Marilyn to a dinner at producer William Goetz's place, her partner in his next movie "Sayonara".
Friday, June 1, Indonesian president Soekarno was in Los Angeles to visit the studios and make a speech at the Association Motion Picture Producers.
Joshua Logan organized a party at the Beverly Hills Hotel, for the Indonesian president, because it was his brother, Marshall
The reporters surprisingly celebrated her birthday, offering her a birthday cake, just before she boarded to New
In Los Angeles the Greenes servants stayed to pack the stuff and close the house of Beverly Glen. It wasn't a really relaxing activity because the occupiers hadn't taken a lot of care of it during their 3 months stay and the house seemed to have been the siege of inveterate revellers.
In a letter dated from June 15, 1956,
Al Delgado from the MCA wrote to his colleague Jay Kanter : "It's
as very serious case, because we're talking about a luxurious house
with expensive furniture, and the inventory is probably 40 pages long.
When the owners will be back, I think that Milton will have some
problems and he might be sued... I'll do my best to refurbish a
part of the furniture. I must admitt that I don't really like this
story, because the house was in perfect condition when they moved in ".
The case was settled in Fall 1956.
Friday, June 8 , Arthur Miller, still in Nevada (he had to leave officially 3 days later, on Monday 11), was ordered to appear in front of the House Un-American Activities Committee in Washington DC, on Thursday, June 14.
The members of Parliamant had decided to question him about his relationships with Communism, and also about the reasons of his journey in England.
It soon became obvious that , despite the FBI efforts, there were no evidence of Miller's adherence to the Communist Party, not even a living witness who could connect him to the Party or even a copy of his Party membership card. Miller admitted that he had attended Party writers meetings, but he refused to admit having been under the "Communist influence", and refused to cite names.
this Committee hadn't found any valid reason to subpoena Miller,
although he was the target of constant and noisy attacks from the
left-wing. A protest campaign against his first play "All My sons" led
to its ban in the occupied Germany.
In 1949, left-wing activists prevented from the access to theaters which showed "Death of a Salesman". Maccarthysm was in full swing. When Miller would publish "The Crucible", everyone would understand the allusions, but he would get away with.
But if Miller had to testify for June 11, he had to go right away to Washington DC to prepare his summoning. And yet, if he'd leave Nevada before this date, he would't be able to sue for divorce.
Lawyer Lloyd Garrison (another lawyer who worked for Miller) asked for a hearing adjourment on a later date. He explained that his client had to stay in Nevada few more days so that he could sue for divorce. The House Un-American Activities Committee agreed and postponed the hearing to Thursday, June 21. So, that gave Miller one more week.
Monday, June 11, the divorce between Arthur Miller and Mary Slattery was granted, and wasn't dispute by Mary.
The press camped in front of 2 Sutton Place South and followed the couple when they went to have dinner at Arthur's parents
Tuesday, June 19 , Marilyn called her lawyer Irving Stein () and announced him that she wanted to modify her will, and left all her property to Arthur Miller.
She worried about Arthur's finances. His plays "The Crucible" and "A View From the Bridge" had made big takings. He paid an alimony to his ex-wife and his children. Now, big legal costs were about to more put a strain on his meagre budget.
If he would be convicted for contempt and had to appeal, he could become gravely in debt. So Marilyn asked her lawyer to draw up a new will (while she had drawn one up on February 18 of this year). Except some money she reserved for her mother's care, she wanted to leave everything else to Arthur. She also asked Stein to study the possibility the Marilyn Monroe Productions would purchase the movie rights of Miller's work.
Wednesday, June 20 , Spyros Skouras (president of the Fox) () saw Marilyn and Arthur Miller in New York and
tried to convince Miller to cooperate with the Committee like Elia Kazan had did it before ().
Skouras pointed out that the members of the Committee were personal friends of him, reasonable people.
He suggested to organize a testimony in camera for Miller, if he agreed to betray some names.
This visit could only be understood in an implicit way about the devastating effects Miller's testimony might have on Marilyn's career. Skouras hoped that Marilyn would see the things his way and convince Miller to cooperate with the Committee. If Miller insisted to be a non cooperative witness, Marilyn's name shouldn't ever been associate to his ones.
Miller refused and Marilyn was proud of this integrity.
Marilyn, on Millers' request, remained in New York City.
He admitted that, although he had attended 4 or 5 Communist writers meetings in the
He admitted that, although he had attended 4 or 5 Communist writers meetings in the40's and signed many manifestos during the last decade, he had never " been subjected to the Communist discipline" and denied having asked a subscription to the Communist Party. He refused, several times, to give the names of the people he had met at Communist meeetings. He gave details of his life at this era and on the circumstances that had led him to attend those conferences.
He also declared, calmy and quietly, that he had indeed denounced the Committee when it had investigated on the "Hollywood Ten" (a group of screenwriters put on the black list for their political opinions considered as dangerous); the fact he had been opposed to the Smith law, which considered as outlaw everyone who commended the governement overthrow because "if such a pleading constitute an offense, if there's a crime while there haven't been any action, I can't work and the literature can't exist : a man must be able to write a play or a poem whatever the topic".
statements were published in every newspapers through the country, and
to Marilyn's big pleasure, he became kind of a hero of the censure and
Immediately, there was a threat of a subponea, suggested by the Member of Parliament Francis E.Walter. This one offered Joseph Rauh that the hearing and the eventuality of a subponea could be given up if Marilyn agreed to be taken in picture shaking Walter's hand; Miller hastened to reject and denounce such a proposition.
From the start of this confrontation, Miller was calm, dignified and respectful. He did his best to cooperate.
From the beginning, it was a fight Miller managed with Marilyn beside him.
She admired Miller's determination to consider that a writer was free to write what he wanted and not to denounce the others to save his hide.
Working with the Committee, Frances Knight from the Passport Division, asked him his motives for the passport request; Miller answered that he planned to go in England to accompany the woman who would be his wife at that time, and that he wanted to attend the premiere of one of his play "A View from the Bridge".
It's likely that Marilyn' s support toward Miller saved him from more detailed investigations from the Committee in his poltical activities, including the reality of his membership to the Communist Party.
Because of his love affair with Miller, whose work had been condemned by the FBI for "denigration of the American way of life", Marilyn also had a file at the FBI.
In addition of Arthur Miller, several colleagues of Marilyn belonged to the left-wing, according to the 50's standards.
The Committee had notably files on Lee and Paula Strasberg (Paula had been member of the Communist Party).
When her future wedding was announced, the press camped in front of Marilyn's apartment at Sutton Place; photographers
Friday, June 22, Miller was back in New York.
He consulted his lawyer Lloyd Garrison, at his office, Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton and Garrison, on Madison Avenue.
The Department of State couldn't possibly give a passport to Miller without a written statment under oath in which he would admit never having been member of the Communist Party. Joseph Rauh, Miller's lawyer in Washington DC, had prepared a rough draft during the week-end and had sent it to Lloyd Garrison so that Miller sent it back and signed it.
He asked Miller to sign another statement including passages of his literary work and interviews which well showed his faith in democracy.
If the Committee would recommend a charge for contempt , the Department of State surely wouldn't grant his passport to Miller.
Marilyn had an appointment with her psychoanalysis (). Dr Hohenberg, who still exerted a huge influence on Marilyn's public and private life, approved this wedding. So she advised Marilyn to face the press right away.
At 4.30 PM this day, Marilyn held a press conference in the lobby of her building.
Sunday, June 24 , Arthur and Marilyn left New York () and went to Miller's house in Roxbury
During this year, she had been surrounded by Jewish friends (the Strasbergs and the Rostens) and had become attached to their tradition. Marilyn's ardor soon was ahead of Miller's one. In Roxbury, she bugged Augusta so that this one taught her Jewish recipes (bortsch, chicken soup with unleavened bread dumplings and thin slices of liver).
was on Marilyn's insistence, who wanted to convert, that the Millers
contacted a rabbi from the Judaism reformed branch, rabbi
Robert Goldberg, who agreed to give Marilyn a brief religious instruction and to celebrate the wedding.
Isadore Miller was proud of his friendship with Marilyn; she always remained in good terms with him, even after her break-up with Arthur, and would write to each other long letters.
Monday, June 25 , Arthur and Marilyn got ready to have dinner at Arthur's cousin's place, Morton Miller, who lived next to the
The wedding was planned for Sunday, July 1, at Miller's author's agent, Kay Brown (), in South Salem, State of New York, just behind the border with Connecticut. It was rabbi Robert Goldberg from New Haven, known for his progressive ideas, who had to celebrate the religious wedding.
Wednesday, June 27, the House Un-American Activities Committee, after a vote, decided to wait 10 days before taking a decision. So Miller had until July 7, ie, 6 days before the scheduled leaving for England, to cite the names wanted by the Committee.
Friday, June 29 , Arthur and Marilyn left to South Salem. Because there wasn't yet any decision from the Committee, they were very tense.
This day was tragic because of the death of the reporter Mara Scherbatoff (), head of the New York office of Paris-Match. magazine. The reporters had hounded Arthur and Marilyn with a car; those ones had to have a quiet lunch with Miller's parents at Morton Miller's home, few kilometers from there. The reporters got wind of the family lunch at Morton's place.
The car of the future married couple (a green Oldsmobile) was driven by Morton Miller, who had sped up to escape the chasers.
For all that, the press conference wasn't postponed and it was Milton Greene, arrived from Weston, who annonced them to the
At 4.00 PM, in front of Arthur's house in Roxbury (Old Tophet Road), Connecticut, Arthur and Marilyn annonced their civil wedding
It was after the press conference that they were informed about Mara Scherbatoff's death, Marilyn considered of ill omen.
The civil wedding took place at the Westchester County Court House, in White Plains (Westchester County, State of New York),
Sam Slavitt, a lawyer, friend of Miller, organized the ceremony.
Attended Milton Greene, Lee and Paula Strasberg, John Moore (Marilyn's firend, decorator and dress designer), and on Miller's side, his cousin Morton Miller (Arthur's best man) and his wife Florence.
On the papers, at name of the father, Marilyn wrote Edward Mortenson.
Miller had ordered a ring to Cartier, but because it wasn't ready, he borrowed his mother Augusta's wedding ring, for the ceremony.
At the time, the press didn't know anything about this ceremony.
The newly weds went back to Roxbury at 9.30 PM.
Sunday, July 1, this morning, Marilyn was converted to Judaism (22nd Tammouz 5716 of the Jewish calendar). Her certificate of conversion
() was signed by Milton Greene, Arthur Miller, Kermit Miller (his brother) and rabbi Robert Goldberg
Arthur and Marilyn's religious wedding was later celebrated by rabbi Goldberg, at Miller's author's agent, Kay Brown, in South Salem (State of New York), assisted by Kermit Miller and Hedda Rosten.
Her bridesmaid were Amy Greene (who helped her to dress and make up)), Hedda Rosten and Judy Kantor.
Her wedding gown in beige chiffon had been designed by dress designers John Moore and Norman Norell
According to the Jewish ritual, the newly weds drank some wine, exchanged the wedding rings and Miller broke his glass in the
During the last 2 days, Miller had purchased a golden ring, engraved " A. to M., June 1956. Now is forever".
The ceremony lasted 10 minutes.
,), including George Axelrod, the screenwriter of "The Seven Year Itch", Arthur's children, his brother Kermit, his sister Joan, his cousin Morton and their husbands and wives, the Strasbergs, the Rostens and the Greenes, and also John Moore.
The menu was made up of, among others, roast beef, thins slices of turkey and champagne.
Before leaving to London, Arthur put up for sale his house of Roxbury.
Monday, July 2 , the Herald Tribune published the following classified ad : "Love nest of the playwright and the movie star.
7 rooms, 3 bathrooms, pool, tennis court, garage for 2 cars, small studio. 2 hectares. 29 500$ (38 500 with 12 hecatres more)".
The house was quickly sold for 27 500$ ; after having settled a small mortgage and the expenses, the remained sum was deposited in third hand in preparation for the purchase of a neighboring property.
Strasberg met and negotiated with Milton Greene Paula's presence fees on the set of "The Sleeping Prince", in London.
He asked for 25 000$ for 10 weeks of work (2 500$ a day), plus the expenses, and the double for the overruns (so a total of 38 000$).
Failing that, Strasberg suggested that the Marilyn Monroe Productions gave him a commission on the movie takings. Lee added that if his demands weren't fullfilled, Paula wouldn't leave to England.
Strasberg didn't refrain from sniping at Laurence Olivier. According to him, Olivier, who despised the Method and the Actors Studio, and hadn't the slightest respect for Strasberg himself, wasn't the right director Marilyn needed. Strasberg wanted George
Cukor () to be engaged in its stead. Milton Greene considered Strasberg as a blackmailer, but Marilyn refused to discuss and insisted on granting Strasberg everything he wanted.
It was obviously much more than the Marilyn Monroe Productions could afford; Marilyn suggested to give a part of her fee, and that's how Paula became the 3rd best paid person of the movie, after Laurence Olivier and Marilyn.
Tis first week fo July was full of tricky negotiations, all under Milton Greene's responsability.
With Irving Stein, they had to settle many legal and commercial questions : disagreement with Laurence Olivier about the agreement between the Marilyn Monroe Productions and Olivier's production company; discussions involving the MCA and Jack Warner; and with the British employment department which didn't appreciate the unsual number of American people taking part in this coproduction.
The Millers asked their friend Hedda Rosten to join the company as Marilyn's private secretary, with a salary of 200$ a week.
At the last minute, Miller's lawyer in Washington DC, Joseph Rauh managed to an arrangement with the Department of State if Miller signed a letter under oath, promising to come back in case he would be judged for contempt, he would have a valid passport for 6 months (and not 2 years, the usual length). So it was very good news and Miller got his passport.
This week, Marilyn made the fitting of the costumes for "The Sleeping Prince" and on this occasion, was once again taken in
Monday, July 9 , Milton Greene and
Irving Stein left to London.
Tuesday, July 10, the House Un-American Activities Committee voted and recommended the US Congress to charge Miller with contempt. Miller had to leave the country on July 13; so that meant the Congress would vote, Miller and Marilyn would already be in London.
With 27 luggages and an excess of 225 Kg, they paid 1500$ for excess baggage charges.
The Millers settled at Parkside House (), in Englefield Green, Egham (,,
This manor from the 18th Century, included 5 rooms, a living-room with oak beams, 2 bathrooms and service rooms, and was
In this house, heavy curtains had been set at Marilyn's bedroom window, because she could only sleep in complete darkness. The room, at Milton Greene's initiative, had also been furnished in white (bed, curtains, furniture, carpet) like in her New York apartment.
In the finest British tradition, the reporters besieged the property gate during their whole stay.
Wednesday, July 18, Thursday 19 and Friday 20, Marilyn made the fitting of the costumes and the make-up tests with
Laurence Olivier had planned 3 days of screen-tests.
Marilyn met Jack Cardiff (,), the head cameraman (who had been awarded by an Academy Award), and who Marilyn had wanted to be hired for "The Sleeping Prince". She wanted to use the white pearly make-up she wore in "Bus Stop", but Cardiff warned her that a too pale make-up might made her teeth appeared grey.
As she hadn't yet seen the final version of "Bus Stop"; they both went in the Fox private screening-room in London, to watch it together. Marilyn saw that Cardiff was right : Cherie's make-up couldn't fit her character of "The Sleeping Prince".
But she also saw that her favorite scene, the one where Cherie longly spoke about her past , had been cut. Sure to have been excellent in this scene, Marilyn thought that her drama acting allowed her to be an actress considered for her own true worth.
She sank in despair. In one second, her whole world collapsed and all her anger focused in Joshua Logan. Convinced to have been betrayed, sure that he had never believed in her as he had claimed it, she didn't ever want to admit that, actually, Logan
had fought to keep the scene, but Buddy Adler () (producer at the Fox) and Spyros Skouras (director of the Fox), who found it unnecessary, had themselves decided to cut the scene.
To Marilyn, the first director she had chosen had deceived her.
Wednesday, July 18 , they attended the play "South Sea Bubble", performed by Vivien
Leigh at the London Lyric Theater
Monday, July 23, Paula Strasberg, Hedda Rosten, Amy and Joshua Greene arrived in London. Hedda Rosten was there, officially to be Marilyn's secretary.
Miller explained to Milton Green his own financial situation : he had to pay 16 000$ a year to his 2 children; his ex-wife earned 40% of his income; and he had problems with the taxes and was indebted to his lawyers. Wouldn't it be possible to add his income, besides, low, to Marilyn's one? Could them have a common tax return?
During the rest of the year, the Marilyn Monroe Productions tried to find a way to arrange the situation. Those discussions took place despite the repeated advices of Miller's agent and friend, Kay Brown, who advised him to stand apart Marilyn's career.
Rattigan and Laurence Olivier welcomed the guests, who began to arrive at 9.00 PM.
Rattigan had invited Lady Diana Cooper, Tyrone Power, Sybil Thorndike (who played in "The Sleeping Prince"), Margot Fonteyn, John Gielgud, Peggy Ashcroft and other celebrities.
Columnist Louella Parsons
() had also came from the USA, the powerful press group Hearst had
put pressure on Milton Greene to send an invitation to its reporter.
The presence among the guests of Winthorp Aldrich, the US ambassador in London, had the most interest for Marilyn : few hours before the US Congres vote, which had to charge Miller with contempt and which had to take place the following day, Marilyn proved with her actions that she totally supported her husband.
They left the party around 4.00 AM. The next day, Wednesday, July 25, they stayed at Parkside House and rested the whole day.
During the day of Wednesday, 25, they learned that Miller was charged of contempt by the US Congress, with 379 votes versus 9. This charge would be passed to the public prosecutor for investigation and possible proceedings.Monday, July 30, the rehearsals of "The Sleeping Prince" started. But with her concerns about Arthur Miller, Marilyn wasn't in a favorable state of mind to begin the rehearsals.
This delay was Marilyn's first mistake. Her neglected appearance and her shagged mood were the second one. The third was Paula's presence.
When Olivier had agreed to direct the movie, he didn't know that Marilyn would insist to come with her drama teacher. It was only during the first weeks of pre-production he had discovered that Paula belonged to the crew. For a man with Olivier's pride, the presence of another artistic counselor was itself unbearable. Milton Greene had promised him that Paula would remain in Marilyn's dressing-room and wouldn't show in the set.
This movie was a production of the Marilyn Monroe Productions : Marilyn herself had instigated the project. She had negotiated with Rattigan. She had won the race of rights of "The Sleeping Prince". She had convinced Laurence Olivier to direct it, to play the masculine leading role and to co-produce it. But once she had arrived for the rehearsals with Paula Strasberg, everything as changed as if she was working in someone else movie.
reasons for this. The fact the movie was shot in an English studio with
English crew and actors, put Marilyn in an inferiority position. To
make things worse, Olivier had already directed this story on stage; so
he was familiar to the text.
Lastly, he had his artist stature; it was hard for her to consider the project as hers.
Olivier introduced her to the other actors, to his associate director and to several production representatitves.
Laurence Olivier had talked with 3 directors who had directed Marilyn : John Huston, Billy Wilder and Joshua Logan, who emerged hurt but triumphant from the shooting of "Bus Stop". Logan wrote several times to Olivier to warn him : "Don't dictate her what she had to do. She probabaly knows more about the movie acting that anyone else. Don't give her orders, it takes her aback, and you wouldn't be able to obtain anything else".
This shotting should be Miller first experience of life with Marilyn in the middle of a shooting, while he had to work on his next play.
He had never had to face Marilyn's anxiety and insomnia when she was shooting. He had never had to put up with alcohol and drugs with which she tried to overcome the test.
Tuesday, August 7 , beginning of the shooting after a week of rehearsals at the Pinewood Studios (,
Like Olivier, Marilyn should have arrived at the studio at 7.00 AM, in order to be dressed and made up. But she only arrived at 8.30 AM with Paula. From the start, it was obvious that Paula not at all intended to remain in Marilyn's dressing-room. Milton Greene's assurances went up in smoke.
Actually, Greene couldn't promise anything else. It was ages Marilyn didn't listen to him anymore. Even if Joshua Logan had managed to ban Paula from the set of "Bus Stop", "The Sleeping Prince" was a Marilyn Monroe's production, with a participation of Jack Warner, limited to the financing and the distribution. On this point at least, Marilyn was using her authority. Paula stayed on the set and Olivier couldn't do anything. Of course, he could give the project up, but he had invested too much time and money to envisage it.
For "Bus Stop", Paula was only a coach. For "The Sleeping Prince", she seemed to assume the role of Marilyn's personal director.
Paula's conspicuous presence on the set proclaimed that Olivier was unable to run an actress of the Method.
had wanted to be Marilyn's executive producer; her, had wanted to be
able to choose what was the best for her.
But Greene had thought he would be the great producer and that Marilyn would work for him.
To establish his primacy on the set and to thwart Paula's huge influence, Laurence Olivier adopted the most condescending
The shooting couldn't begin in a worse way : Marilyn, who finally was getting rid of the sexy parts stranglehold she had been confined in, and eagerly applied the introspection and the motivation search commended by the Strasberg's Method, received from Laurence Olivier the instruction to "be sexy"'.
Marilyn, indignant, ran away from the set. But Olivier, wanted her to become "Marilyn", had only expressed the trust he had in her as an actress.
Since this moment, Marilyn was sure that even in her own production, she was compelled to the treatement without any respect the Fox already imposed her.
She called Lee Strasberg in New York and poured her sadness and anger; Strasberg inevitably knew that Marilyn couldn't work in this condition. It was essential that her first independent production would succeed; she absolutely had to do the movie. Strasberg was very angry with Laurence Olivier.
This incident caused the end of any normal work relations between Marilyn and Olivier. From then on, she completely ended to believe that the part she had so difficulties to obtain, could change the image she had. Mortified, she felt stupid to have been able to imagine that Olivier could take her seriously.
More than ever, Marilyn waited Arthur's visits on the set. He was there to help her to overcome this test.
When it was obvious that Greene had no more influence in Marilyn, and couldn't do anything against Paula, Olivier turned toward Arthur Miller. Marilyn trusted Arthur, and he may ensure that she arrived at the studio on time. It was also Miller's interest because each delayed day engendered a loss of money of Marilyn's production company.
But it was obvious that Laurence Olivier and Marilyn, were wrong about each other.
Each evening when she came back, she let her anger exploded. She didn't end shouting after Olivier. Her long conversations with Lee increased her anger. The crisis she went through prevented her from finding sleep, and Arthur spent sleepless nights, while he needed calm and isolation to work. The only way she had to sleep was to take drugs.
She expected Arthur to share her indignation and interpreted every disagreement as a treason.
Att the end of this week, Marilyn, searching for a copy of her screenplay (), came in the music room of their rented manor. Arthur wasn't there. She saw the screenplay she was looking for on Arthur's desk, next to one of his notebook. The first lines concerned her. She was appalled. In his notebook, Arthur had expressed his disappointment about her, his doubts on their union he felt as a load and his fear that Marilyn would compromise his own creativity.
She was different from what he imagined, and Marilyn convinced herself that he regretted having married her.
Trusting her feelings, she had dared feeling worthy of being loved. But the discovery of the notebook had changed everything.
She was convinced that Arthur would abandon her, like the others.
Saturday, August 18, the Millers attended a second party organized by Terence Rattigan.
Laurence Olivier was absent : he has remained at home, at his wife's bedside, Viven Leigh, who had just had a miscarriage.
Friday, August 24, Arthur Miller announced his leaving to the USA on Sunday, August 26.
The prosecutor who dealt with the contempt cases at the US Congress, was on vacation and had to go back to work only on the second week of September. Miller intended to spend 10 days with his children before going back to England. He travelled under the name of Mr Stevenson, not to face the reporters.
This Friday, he came to pick Marilyn up at the Pinewood Studios. Actually she went back with Paula while Miller agreed to have a drink with Milton Greene and Laurence Olivier in the dessing-room of this one. Marilyn took it the wrong way because she demanded that Miller, in her conflict with Olivier, completely and radically took her side.
Arthur didn't leave on Sunday, but postponed his leaving on Monday, August 27. Before going back to the USA, he wanted to travel to Paris to see Yves Montand and his wife, Simone Signoret who were shooting a version of "The Crucible" on a screenplay of Jean-Paul Sartre.
Monday, August 27, Miller left England to the USA via his stay in France; Marilyn accompanied him to the airport
Seeing that as a desertion, Marilyn didn't go to the studio.
Tuesday, August 28 , she arrived at the studio to work.
In the evening, Milton Greene had to bring her some other pills : she had had an argument with Arthur, and he had ended by withdrawing. It was on the phone that her psychoanalyst, Margaret Hohenberg, managed to calm her down enough so that the sedatives could take effect and that she sleeps.
Wednesday, August 29 and Thursday 30, Marilyn didn't go to the studio.
Friday, August 31, Milton Greene called Irving Stein, lawyer of the Marilyn Monroe Productions, to announce him that Marilyn was pregnant. A gynecologist, come in Parkside House, confirmed the pregnancy.
Anxious by the idea of losing her baby, Marilyn began to drink, adding sedatives to champagne. Hedda Rosten didn't leave her.
Marilyn and Arthur, arrived from New York, talked for hours.
was convinced that Milton Greene bought antique items he charged to the
Marilyn Monroe Productions account and he made deliver at his home, in
Connecticut. It seemed that everyone held a grudge against
Marilyn's money, mainly Lee Strasberg who called her everyday in
collect call, to make her understood that her only chance to properly
finish the movie was her work with Paula. Moreover, Lee encouraged her
to believe that Olivier was jealous of her. Paula left to New York.
Paula left to New York.Laurence Olivier, hoped he had got rid of Paula in a definitve way.
Milton Greene didn't end commuting between Marilyn's home, the studios and London, doing his best to create a minimum harmony between Marilyn and Laurence Olivier, and the English press. Without Greene, the movie wouldn't have ever been finished.
of Milton's stratagems to control Marilyn, was to provide her all the
drugs she needed (or she believed she needed) to hold one day to
It seemed well that Greene only had this position left. He gave her tonics to invalidate the barbiturates effects she took in big quantities, at night. When the sedatives didn't work enough quickly, Marilyn took some more, forgetting how many she had already swallowed.
In England, the stimulants hadn't the same color that the ones Marilyn was used to, and she accused Greene not to give her the good drug.
It's sure that this shooting was the beginning of the end of her partnership with Milton Greene.
Miller has asked Marilyn to deprive Milton Greene of his post as vice president of the Marilyn Monroe Productions. Greene understood everything when he reallized that Miller himself dealt with Marilyn's professional file, making newspaper cuttings, choosing Marilyn's pictures.
As associate within the production company, Milton Greene didn't really like to see Arthur Miller more involving in the aforementioned productions. Arthur took advantage of a kind of tension in Marilyn and Milton's relations, to try to better control the Marilyn Monroe Productions (first semester1957).
A year later, (April 1957) Greene was dismissed.
Miller started to express his doubts about Lee Strasberg and his almost religious influence on Marilyn. He had never much appreciated the "cultural aura" surrounding the Method and hadn't liked the fact that, just before his appearance in front of the House Un-American Activities Committee, Lee and Paula Strasberg had suggested him to appear as a "friendly" witness , what Paula had herself done several years earlier. Miller, like Elia Kazan, was skeptical about the way Strasberg made the actors dependent on him.
However, in his play "After the Fall", published 2 years after Marilyn's death, there was a scene where the feminine leading role, Maggie, found a note which upset her.
Miller was taken in Marilyn's torments (nasty relations with Laurence Olivier about who she thought that he despised her as a person and as an actress, then the difficulties with Milton Greene) who prevented him from devoting to his work.
Laurence Olivier also had serious problems with his wife, Vivien Leigh. She was for a long time prone to nervous breakdowns and fits of anger, where she lost her cool. The 2 wives had also had a miscarriage.
Those tragedies brought Arthur Miller and Laurence Olivier closer together.
On Marilyn's request, Lee Strasberg arrived in London, paid for by the Marilyn Monroe Productions.
Despite rumors and frictions, the movie didn't exceed the budget, and only 2 days were necessary to take some scenes again.
Marilyn went to do some shopping and bought some presents for Arthur's children, at Harrod’s, in London; a crowd of fans pressed around her, in such a point that the police had to be called to restore law and order. She also bought some things at
Friday, August 31, release of "Bus Stop" (;). Marilyn, shooting in England, couldn't attend the premiere.
Marilyn was convinced that her character, Cherie's monologue, cut during the editing, had cost her a nomination to the Academy Awards.
However, the movie was acclaimed by the critics.
Wednesday, September 5 , Miller was back to England, a week earlier before the scheduled date (Wednesday, September 12).
Friday, September 7, they attended the performance of Bertold Brecht's "Caucasian Chalk Circus" at the Palace Theater(,,,).
Sunday, September 9, whatever were Marilyn's doubts about her wedding, she publicly defended Arthur when Lord Chamberlain wanted to forbid "A View from the Bridge" for its allusion to homosexuality. Shocked by the censure, Marilyn was one of the first people to join the Watergate Theater Club, an association which protested against each form of interference in arts
The Marilyn Monroe Productions's lawyer, Irving Stein, after months of scowling exchange of letters and threats of summoning, met the owners of the Beverly Glen house, occupied in Spring by Marilyn and the Greenes, during the shooting of "Bus Stop", and which had been goven back with many damages.
The owners, Mr and Mrs Sidney Lushing, asked for the repayment of many broken or damaged items : 2 electric blankets; 6 pillows; 8 sheets; 5 wool blankets; 10 chair covers; an invoice of 300$ for the cleaning of the carpets and furniture; a phone invoice of 300$; more than a dozen of cups, saucers, glasses and tumblers in crystal, broken; 3 broken lamps; 3 curtains; 2 pieces of garden furniture. Besides, the workers had to remove the heavy black tissue Marilyn had made nailed inside her bedroom (the slightest light prevented her from sleeping, whatever she took or not some sedatives). Such damages were hard to explain. The demolition work seemed to be due to fool parties, a photographer overburdened with work who tried hard to take his new responsibilities, to a sometimes unstable movie star and an atmosphere where the alcohol and the drugs use had someting exacerbated.
At the Sesame Club, Marilyn met Dame Edith Sitwell she had already met in Los Angeles, in January 1953.
Wednesday, October 3 , Marilyn didn't go to the studio.
Lee Strasberg had arrived the previous day and came to the Pinewood studio: he wanted to be on the set with Paula to guarantee Marilyn's correct performance.
Milton Greene was sent to dismiss Lee Strasberg at the entrance of the studio.
Lee Strasberg having been expelled by Laurence Olivier, Paula went back to New York, accompanied with Hedda Rosten (who drank so much that she couldn't help anybody and had to take care of her daughter, Patricia, who startes a new school year).
The expenses were paid by the Marilyn Monroe Productions.
Their leaving plunged Marilyn in a deep loneliness. So Milton Greene made Dr Margaret Hohenberg come ; many expenses for few results because Dr Hohenberg directly announced that "Milton had been wrong to found the Marilyn Monroe Productions with Marilyn, and that she didn't know how long the partners could keep on working together in such a tense atmosphere".
Of course, Marilyn saw a complete reject of her professional life by her own psychiatrist. However, Dr Hohenberg advised her
to see her old friend, Anna Freud () (Sigmund Freud's daughter) and famous analyst in London.
Friday, October 12 , Miller and Marilyn, Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh, and Jack Cardiff and his wife, joined together to have a drink at Lowndes Cottage, in Belgravia, London, before attending the premiere of "A View From the Bridge", Miller's play,
Few days later (October 17 or 18) "Bus Stop" was presented in London, and Marilyn got many praises.
Monday, October 29 , Marilyn was introduced to the Queen of England, at the Empire Theatre, in Leicester Square.
Shortly after, Marilyn was immortalized at the wax museum Mrs Tussaud.
The agreement between Milton Greene and Laurence Olivier gave the title of "executive producer" to Milton Greene; but in the end of October, Laurence Olivier found that inappropriate, and clearly put the dispute in Jack Warner's hands. In the first copies of the movie, Milton Greene's name appeared, but thereafter, his name mysteriously as unfairly disappeared.
Marilyn wrote to Jack Warner (Warner Brothers was the distributor of the movie) and told him she was convinced that Milton had undertaken some cuts on the movie, behind her back. She did her best so that Greene wasn't credited as executive producer, a point on which they had agreed to at the beginning.
A day of October, Paula Strasberg called Marilyn from New York, to tell her that her work permit had expired and that someone seemed to have used its authority to avoid her return.
convinced that Laurence Olivier and Milton Greene had got
something to do with it, swore she stopped working until Paula wouldn't
be back on the set. Olivier stepped in, in this direction, and Paula
was back on the set on Wednesday, October 31.
Actually, during Paula's absence, Olivier had engaged another American in the production of "The Sleeping Prince", deliberatly. Indeed, the movie was made thanks to the Eady Plan, a subvention program to help the British movie industry, for which the government provided a financial help; in this way, the number of Americans on the hired employees records was limited. With the quota filled during her whole absence, Paula wasn't anymore allowed to come back to work in England.
Paula was convinced thta it came from Laurence Olivier, but actually, Marilyn put pressure on him and it was thanks to him that Paula could obtain a new work permit and come back in England.
Monday, November 19 , Arthur and Marilyn attended a discussion about the English theater at the Royal Court Theater
Milton Greene got more and more angry about Miller's influence on Marilyn; Miller openely expressed to Marilyn his hostility toward Milton Greene and advised her to completely take the control of the production company.
At the end of the shooting, Miller and Milton Greene almost didn't talk to each other.
It was during the shooting that Milton Greene got closer to Jack Cardiff, with who he planned to set a company to make movies in England.
Cardiff had purchased some plays he wanted to direct for his own production. Among others, he had bought the screenplay of "Sons and Lovers" of D.H.Lawrence, he later successfully shot. But Greene's projects were stopped by Arthur Miller.
At that time, Miller started the writing of a short story inspired by an experience he had lived while he was waiting for sueing for divorce, and being able to start a new life with Marilyn. In Reno, Nevada, he had spent time with 2 cow-boys who hunted wild horses. It was the beginning of the writing of "The Misfits".
Then, Miller received a summoning from the Foreign Office, which asked him when did he plan to come back to the USA to appear in front of the Grand Jury. Miller informed them that, contrary to many people having fled the Maccarthysm and having settled in England, he planned to soon come back to the USA.
The production of the movie ended on Saturday, November 17.
Milton Greene had managed not to exceed the budget and to finish the movie within the given time.
Tuesday, November 20 , Laurence Olivier and Vivien Leigh accompanied Marilyn and Arthur Miller at the airport
They all put up a good show, while the life of each of them had been shattered since they had met there in July : Viven Leigh had lost her baby and through this, each opportunity to save her marriage. Laurence Olivier had missed the occasion of the personal revival he hoped to achieve before his fifties. Arthur Miller had understood that his life with Marilyn would be different than everything he had imagined. And Marilyn, still upset by what she had read in Arthur notebook, had all the reasons to believe that her wedding as her first independent movie were doomed to failure.
For almost 2 years, she didn't shoot any movie.
With Arthur, then they attended the dancing evening given at the Waldorf Astoria (,,
Laurence Olivier arrived in New York and came to show the first editing of "The Sleeping Prince" to Jack Warner, the distributor of the movie. Everybody was worried about the fact that the movie was too long and not particularly funny.
The Warner Brothers, attentive to the success in movie theaters, insisted on changing the title which became "The Prince and the Showgirl".
The studio thought that Marilyn, who would atttact the public, should be represented in the title.
Milton Greene, maybe realizing but too late he hadn't made the right movie, decided of a publicity which would show Marilyn and Olivier in each other's arms. At the beginning, Olivier refused; but he wanted the movie to earn money and after many hesitations, ended by agreeing.
This year, Darryl Zanuck, head of the production at the Fox, had resigned from his position and had emigrated to Europe where he worked as independent producer.
Buddy Adler replaced him.
Marilyn was nominated for the "Best Foreign Actress" in "The Seven Year Itch" by the British Academy Awards.