Thursday, January 3 , Marilyn and Arthur Miller took off from Idlewild Airport
From January, Thursday 3 to Thursday 17 , Marilyn and Arthur Miller spent several days at Moon Point, Jamaica, in the
At that time, the Marilyn Monroe Productions in which she had set her hopes of independence and the control of her destiny, were in a bad financial situation. That's why she assumed as best as possible a socially satisfactory position, but personally disastrous, as housewife.
with Arthur was often a sad simplicity, but it's needed to notice that
Marilyn financially supported her husband while himself tried hard to
help her psychologically, after the regrettable atmosphere during the
shooting of "The Prince
and the Showgirl". Marilyn believed in Arthur's talent, but she didn't see anyhting concrete : he worked very irregularly and got nowhere.
Arthur having sold the farm of Roxbury, they rented an apartment in New York, located 444 East 57th Street
Their phone number appeared in the phonebook.With set designer John Moore, she made repaint the walls in white and install mirrors from the floor to the ceiling in the sitting-living-room, after having joined the 2 rooms.
Together, they went out on a rowing boat on the Central Park lake. She took Hugo the basset hound for a walk (,
She almost didn't give any interview about her private life.When this year Miller's complete drama works were published, he dedicated them to Marilyn.
Monday, February 18 , Arthur was charged by the Federal Grand Jury, with 2 contempts toward the US Congress : piece of evidence retention and contempt of court. Each of them was punishable by one year in jail and a 1 000$ fine.
His lawyers Joseph Rauh () and Lloyd Garrison had planned to explain that the questions Miller had refused to answer had nothing to do with the avowed purpose of his questioning (the passport request).
Marilyn started a treatment at the Doctor’s Hospital in New York in order to be able to bring a pregnancy to fruition.
Friday, March 1, Arthur Miller appeared in front of judge Charles F. McLaughlin, in Washington DC.
He pleaded not guilty and the trial was scheduled in May.
He was released under Jospeh Rauh's responsability until he sends a 1 000$ bail.
Miller advised Marilyn to change her psychoanalyst (she was still treated by Dr Margaret Hohenberg ()).
She called Anna Freud (), she had seen in London; this one advised her her great childhood friend who worked
in New York City, Marianne Kris ().
Marilyn met her at her office 5 times a week, until the beginning of 1961.
At that time, Dr Marianne Kris developped a much controversial principles set , which according to her, allowed her to predict the psychological development and the potential problems of a child; to her, the children were the key of the adult psyche understanding. She received adult patients but said that the problems they lived were completely the consequence of child experiences.
Marilyn wanted more than ever, to face her "real ego", remove the brilliant aspects making her a star, face her fears and memories and become someone good and respectable, something she still doubted to be.
But Dr Marianne Kris constantly brought her back to her childhood (like Strasberg () did during the private sessions). However, Marilyn continued the analysis because she was in the presence of parental authority representations...
Very in vogue in those years, this kind of Freudism wasn't really efficient because the 5 weekly sessions method only reinforced Marilyn's almost child dependence.
Dr Marianne Kris, as long as Dr Hohenberg, would be unable (in 4 years) to reduce the sedatives doses of Marilyn.
Every morning, after her session with Dr Kris, Marilyn took the elevator to go at Lee Strasberg's home (the Strasbergs and Marianne Kris lived in the same building, the Langham,135 Central Park West), who imposed her a serie of exercises where she had to act and think as a child. It was the key which allow her to set her "real tragic power" free, and Marilyn believed it because she needed it. As the Drs Hohenberg and Kris, Strasberg knew how to be essential. Marilyn asked herself many questions.
The second year of her contract started on December 31th of this year. Whenever after this date the studio could ask her to begin a movie.
Monday, April 1
and Miller viewed the first sounded version of" The Prince and
the Showgirl"; Marilyn was very disappointed by the changes, done,
according to her, by Milton Greene (she had already viewed the
movie at the end of December 1956).
At that time, Miller encouraged her to get rid of Milton Greene.
In this period of wait for Arthur's trial, Marilyn's life wasn't really quiet.
She wanted that her production company went to Arthur and his associates, and she had declared war to Milton Greene.
Their relation had began to deteriorate during the shooting of "The Prince and the Showgirl", the previous year.
Marilyn announced that she broke every connection with him; she accused him of incompetent management and said that she had hoped much more from him.
Marilyn's personal and professional relations with Milton Greene quickly deteriorated; each one reproached the other for the problems which had occured during the shooting of "The Prince and the Showgir" ; they had suspicions about their mutual honesty; they talked about the possible projects and the more bigger place Arthur took; finally, they both took too many drugs. However, the main reason of their break-up was Marilyn's violent dashes of loyalty toward Arthur, who encouraged her to withdraw the Marilyn Monroe Productions control to a man he didn't llike.Greene for his part, suffered a lot from Arthur's dictatorial behavior toward Marilyn and the Marilyn Monroe Productions future.
the other side, Arthur's attempt to have a grip on proved that
Milton wasn't much able than before to control the situation.
To Arthur, Marilyn had to break up with everything that, in her husband's mind, represented Milton : the Marilyn Monroe Productions business, a kind of a social life, the choice of the movies.
Marilyn dictated to her new secretary May Reis (Miller's former secretary who then, dealt with Marilyn, running the appointments,
the mail and the phone calls in the small office of the apartment)(), a long and detailed letter to Jack
Warner () ; she only cabled this letter on Friday, April 22.
She said that Milton Greene should have dealt with any post-production problem, by working with Laurence Olivier
()and the movie editors. She insisted on the fact that Milton had never been considered as the movie executive producer. However, in the contract signed in 1956 between the Marilyn Monroe Productions and the Warner, Milton Greene's status was clearly defined, before the shooting of the movie.
Milton asked her for 100 000$ to end their partnership; Marilyn reimbursed him a part of his investment.
Wednesday, April 10 , Marilyn attended a preliminary meeting, so that the Free Milk Fund for Babies would sponsored the world premiere of "The Prince and the Showgirl"; Marilyn met Mrs Hearst, founder and President of the foundation, and Mr
Thursday, April 11 , Robert H. Montgomery Jr, one of Miller's lawyers, published a press release explaining that the Marilyn Monroe Productions had been incompetently managed by Milton Greene and that this one hadn't well informed Marilyn about some contractual agreements, and that he led secret negotiations without her consent.
As a result, she was about to soon name a new board of directors.
Tuesday, April 16 , Marilyn announced that the president of Marilyn Monroe Productions, Milton Greene, the lawyer Irving
Stein and the accountant Joseph Carr were dismissed (,).
Their substitutes were Robert H. Montgomery Jr (Miller's legal advisor), Miller's brother-in-law, George Kupchik, who became the production company financial manager and George Levine (a friend of Miller who worked as a city employee).
Miller succeeded him as vice-president..
Greene's public answer was quite dignified : "It seems that Marilyn wouldn't want to continue the way we've planned. I have some lawyers to represent me, (but) I don't want to do anything which could be harmful to her career. I have devoted myself quite completely to her for a year and a half. I have practically given up photography".
Marilyn found herself in the same situation as previously; as she had left Milton name his friends at the head of the Marilyn Monroe Productions, then she allowed Arthur Miller to do the same. Despite her anger and protests, she didn't much control her career in1957 than in 1954.
Marilyn and Milton Greene didn't ever see each other.
The lawyers fought for a year until she ended by buying Milton Greene's parts out for 100 000$ (his earnings in more than 2 years of work), and this one abandonned his producer career. He took his photographer work up but rancor spread and he soon gave in to alcohol and drugs. However, he always remained courteous toward Marilyn.During this time, Marilyn continued her treatement at the Doctors Hospital.
It was at that time that the "Raid on the Wrong Door" was on the newspapers main headlines (publication of the whole story in Confidential magazine).
Monday, May 6, Marilyn made a picture session with photographer Richard Avedon, for the release of "The Prince and the
Sunday, May 12 , she gave the kick-off of a soccer game matching the USA and Israël at the Ebbet's Field Stadium
She hit the ball so strongly she sprained 2 toes. This injury didn't prevent her from staying until the end of the game and presented the trophy to the winning team.
They stayed at Joseph and Olie Rauh's place.
In order to avoid the media's fury, they had agreed on the fact that Marilyn wouldn't go to the court but would remain with Olie.
Thursday, May 23,
to help her husband, Marilyn held a press conference on the last
day of the trial, where she declared to
Tuesday, May 14 , beginning of the trial. There were no jurors because judge McLaughlin had decided that the case would touch a point of the law that only jurists could deal with. Joseph Rauh developed his argumentation : the identity of the persons who attended the Communist writers meetings in 1947 had no link with the passport fraud subject. Prosecutor reminded that it had been necessary to ask those names to Miller to make sure of his credibility. But Miller didn't much testify.
After their return in New York, Miller was informed about the sentence.
Judge McLaughlin having reviewed his verdict (forced by the Supreme Court decision in a similar case) only upheld one contempt. He fined Miller 500$ and a one month suspended sentence.
Miller immediately appealed but the preparation of the appeal would still last a year.
He finally would be acquitted 2 years later.
Since the beginning of June, Miller and Marilyn settled in Amagansett (2 hours by car from New York), at the eastern point of Long Island.
They rented a house, Story Hill Farm (,), where they lived a few months; most of the time, they lived secluded.
In Amagansett, the work came after Marilyn; they strolled together a lot. Marilyn walked on the beach, read poems, visited the
Rosten () who had a summer residence in Springs, near Amagansett in Long Island.
Wednesday June 12 , their friend, photographer Sam Shaw took them in picture in New York (,
Thursday, June 13 , premiere of "The Prince and the Showgirl" (;,;
Jack Warner was there this evening ().
Marilyn saw Amy Greene again, pregnant of her second child. It was several months they hadn't seen each other.
A party was given after at the Waldorf Astoria.
The critics welcomed the movie in a lukewarm way, but admitted that it was one of Marilyn's best performance, who easily stole the show to Laurence Olivier.
It was also the first movie for which her status of independent contracting part allowed her a commission on the profit , a very unusual kind of earnings at an era of the studios all-power; she earned 10% of the profit (160 000$; the movie having generated a takings of 1.6 millions $).
Marilyn donated the takings of the world premiere of "The Prince and the Showgirl" to the Milk Fund for Babies (,
Tuesday, July 2 , Marilyn agreed to attend the inauguration of the Sidewalk Superintendants Club (the people in charge of
Miller and Marilyn were not much in Manhattan; they stayed at Amagansett where their friend Sam Shaw took them in picture,
Marilyn learned she was pregnant.
Thursday, August 1, Marilyn did some gardening in Amagansett, when she suffered from a violent pain in her belly.
Arthur called an ambulance, but being almost 200 kilometers from New York, they only arrived at the New York Doctor’s
Hospital at noon ().
Dr Bernard Berglass and Hilliard Dubrow operated her : as they were feared it , Marilyn had an ectopic pregnancy.
They couldn't save the baby : to protect Marilyn's life, the pregnancy had to be terminated.
So Marilyn lost her baby.
Terribly depressed, she stayed 10 days at the hospital.
In the loss of her child, she saw the sign there was something wrong with her. Miller thought that maybe, a good part could make her having more respect for herself.
It was their friend and photographer Sam Shaw (who had visited her at the hospital), who advised Miller to make his short story "The Misits" a movie, specially for Marilyn.
He convinced Miller that it would be the ideal way to prove that Marilyn was a talented drama actress.
Having read Miller's short story, he thought that this subject would make a perfect movie for Marilyn.
Until then, Miller had always refused to write screenplays. But he started to write the scenario of "The Misfits", based on his same name short story.
He had to develop the character of Roslyn, Marilyn's part, he found too colorless.
creating this character, Arthur sincerely thought he had done a
wonderful thing for Marilyn, but she didn't react this way.
She even didn't want to embark on this role.
During the last days of summer, the Millers went back to Manhattan.
Marilyn's house cleaner, Lena Pepitone (), hired in Fall (and would remain until Marilyn's death), described her as disturbed and non relaxed despite the months of rest and sun.
Miller seemed stoical and avoided the company.
End of September , one of the Fox heads, Lew Schreiber, visited Marilyn in New York, in order to talk with her about the movie "The Blue Angel".
The vague writing of a clause of her new contract left a doubt about the delay the Fox had to distribute her in 4 movies, within 4 or 7 years.
The studio had suggested the masculine role to to Spencer Tracy, but this one was engaged on another shooting. The Fox thought of Curt Jurgens or Frederic March, as Marilyn's partner.
Wednesday, October 2 , Marilyn went to the Fox office in New York. She announced that she was ready and even impatient to start the shooting of "The Blue Angel", but that she'd rather play with Spencer Tracy.
Charles Vidor had to direct the movie, which wasn't a problem for Marilyn. She agreed to come to the projection of Curt Jurgens new movie, but she had a preference for Spencer Tracy.
Schreiber explained her that, if she wanted to wait, the shooting of "The Blue Angel" couldn't start before the following summer. For her part, it wasn't a problem for Marilyn.
But he didn't mention the contract regrettable ambiguity which left the Fox in a state of uncertainty about the necessity to have her distributed in a second movie before the end of the year.
Schreiber would have rather had another answer because the studio wanted to start right away; on the other hand, he was relieved to see that at least, Marilyn didn't reconsider the project and didn't have any objection to shoot in 1958.
As expected, Arthur Miller made an end of the screenplay of "The Misfits".
Since a while, Arthur Miller was looking for a new country house in Connecticut. With Marilyn's money and the amount of the sale of the Roxbury first house, they bought a property of 120 hectares in the Roxbury area (Connecticut) (at about one kilometer from his former house).
The construction dated from the 18th Century (1783); they began to do it up , fitting out a a desk for Miller, building a new wing that Marilyn, full of hope, called the nursery. Miller declared : "It's the place we hope to leave until our last days".
Marilyn and Arthur, impatient to have a refuge, planned to went there on week-ends, before the trodden earth paths would be icy.
Roxbury area was populated with gentlemen farmers and families who had
built their country retreat for generations. Actors and show business
people also lived there when Marilyn and Arthur settled there (among
them Richard Widmark, Marilyn's
The Roxbury area was populated with gentlemen farmers and families who had built their country retreat for generations. Actors and show business people also lived there when Marilyn and Arthur settled there (among them Richard Widmark, Marilyn's
former partner in
former partner in"Don't Bother to Knock" ().
At the Fox, it was noticed that Marilyn had once again disappeared. 3 times she cancelled the showing of Curt Jurgens new movie, using as an excuse the fact she was unwell.
The end of the year was coming and the anxiety increased at the studio. The year 1957 was going to end without having patched together the second of the 4 movies Marilyn owed to the Fox.
Christmas, as usual, Marilyn was very generous. Arthur received the last edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica ; Susan Strasberg, a drawing of Chagall; there were books and records for Lee Strasberg; she gave Paula the string of pearls with a
diamond clasp () offered to her by the Japan emperor, during her honeymoon with DiMaggio in 1954 ;
to John Strasberg, aged 18, she signed the papers of the cession of her Thunderbird ().